The result is a comprehensive risk profile. The most important risk factor is the presence of an abnormality in breast cancer gene 1 or 2. If such an abnormality exists, the risk of suffering breast cancer increases substantially (60 – 90%).
Women in this risk category can be identified by the presence in female family members of multiple breast cancers at a young age, and/or ovarian cancer and breast and/or prostate cancer in male family members.
This risk profile facilitates objective counselling and if necessary, targeted management.
In an instance such as this, we recommend an assessment by a medical practitioner with a special interest in breast disease.
Genetic studies can be requested if indicated to further assess the risk of breast cancer.